I went on my first Pokémon GO gym run today

As long as you haven’t just been completely disconnected from the Internet for the past few weeks, you probably know of Pokémon GO, the new augmented reality game that uses GPS to inject Pokémon into the real world and encourage you to get out and hunt for Pokémon.

Although I’ve been a fan of Pokémon since I was a little kid, I never really got into Pokémon GO because of how busy I am. During work days, I watch our family business and do a lot of other work, so I end up having no time to go outside and look for Pokémon or battle at gyms. During weekends and off days, I usually still do even more work online, and use all remaining time to rest and relax.

On top of all this, it doesn’t help that it’s been pretty hot outside.

Nevertheless, I got persuaded to go outside and go on a Pokémon GO gym run today by Mike. If you’ve been reading my blog posts lately, you probably remember him – he’s one of the masters and co-owners of Keumgang Martial Arts Academy, and he’s in quite a few of the photos I’ve posted recently of the albums and videos I filmed at demonstrations and events.

The nearest Pokémon GO gym to the martial arts academy is a water tower nearby, so Mike and I walked over there.

Mundelein Water Tower

This gym was occupied by Team Mystic (which is our team), and was guarded by Pokémon with combat power of over 1,000. Unfortunately for me, I don’t actually play that much, so I only had Pokémon with combat power of 100 or less. Meaning, this trip was almost entirely useless for me. Apparently battling Pokémon of your own gym is supposed to help train you, but that was obviously not happening, because I wasn’t able to defeat anything.

Mike, however, plays this game a substantial amount more than I do, and so does Chris, the other co-owner of the martial arts academy. When we came here, Mike brought Chris’ phone as well, and he was playing on both phones at the same time.

This is Mike battling the gym two times at once:

But, as we were battling the gym and trying to raise our prestige, we noticed that it was falling faster than it was rising. I walked over around the corner of the fence surrounding the water tower, and noticed that there were other Pokémon GO players sitting on the ground against the fence, presumably trying to take over our gym.

Tragically, they succeeded.

But, Mike wouldn’t have any of that. Once the gym got neutralized, he reacted quickly by putting in one of his own Pokémon into the gym again, stealing the “claim” away from the other team that had just defeated us.

Moments later, I notice the other guys rage quit, get up, and walk away.





Foiling Teams Aqua/Magma and recruiting Rayquaza in PokéMMO

Way at the beginning of this calendar year, PokéMMO implemented Emerald version support and expanded their storyline to include both Kanto and Hoenn.

Although I’ve been a Pokémon fan ever since I got my first Game Boy Color and Pokémon Yellow cartridge back when I was an elementary schooler, I’ve never actually fully played through the Ruby, Sapphire, and Emerald storylines. When I was a second-year high school student, I played the third generation games a bit, but I used a wall hack so I didn’t really get to experience it fully.

I was excited at this opportunity to play through Pokémon Emerald through PokéMMO, but never really got around to doing it until now.

I’ve been playing the new expansion little-by-little throughout the year, but in the past week or so, I’ve been playing it a lot more with the intention to actually make progress.

I’ve managed to get through the entire main storyline so far, and all I have left now is getting through the Hoenn Victory Road and defeating the Elite Four.

As I got deeper into the storyline, I took some screenshots along the way.

PokéMMO - Groudon

PokéMMO - Kyogre

PokéMMO - Groudon and Kyogre

PokéMMO - Rayquaza

After saving the Hoenn region from the two legendary Pokémon by recruiting the help of Rayquaza from Sky Pillar, I proceeded to Surf to Ever Grande City to finish my journey.

PokéMMO - Ever Grande City Waterfall

PokéMMO - Ever Grande City




Pokémon Ep. 846: When Light and Dark Collide (Summary & Analysis)

Plot summary:

As the episode begins, the heroes are walking through a forest, not quite sure as to where they are. As they try to navigate their way to the closest Pokémon Center, they hear a Pokémon crying out for help.

They rush over to find a Snubbull being bullied by a Hawlucha. Ash reacts quickly and tells Pikachu to use Thunderbolt. Suddenly, a Gallade appears out of nowhere and gets surprised by Pikachu’s attack, causing it to fall over and hurt its ankle. Unexpectedly, the Snubbull Ash was trying to protect leaps out and attacks Ash.

The adventurers then realize that they were interrupting a rehearsal, and the bullying was just an act. The adventurers apologize to the theater director, and he explains that they are practicing for a show.

At the Pokémon Center, Gallade comes out with a cast and crutches. Nurse Joy says that Gallade needs a few days to rest, and he won’t be able to participate in the show. Ash makes a compromise, and offers his own Hawlucha to take Gallade’s part so the show can go on.

Unfortunately, Ash’s Hawlucha doesn’t understand that this is an act, and tries his best to avoid Dark Haw­lucha’s attacks and defeat him. This angers Dark Hawlucha, and on the next iteration of practice, they both start fighting each other.

In the background, Team Rocket is watching rehearsal through binoculars, and plan on capturing Haw­lu­cha.

Later on, the adventurers see Dark Hawlucha practicing its dives, and the theater director explains that Dark Hawlucha used to be a Kalos Region Fighting-Type Tournament Champion, and the passion with which it now performs.

As they continue to practice and the day comes to a close, Ash is confident that both Hawluchas will put on a great show.

The next day, the stage is full with people eager to watch the show. In the crowd is Team Rocket, with Jesse eager to take the stage. They storm the stage and put on their own show, confusing the crowd.

When confronted, Team Rocket reveal their identities and call out their Pokémon to begin a battle. Pikachu takes a direct hit and is taken out of the fight, leaving only the two Hawlucha left. They team up together, comboing their moves and sending Team Rocket blasting off.

The main event begins, and Ash’s Hawlucha gets nervous and falls down from its perch. Unexpectedly, Dark Hawlucha helps Ash’s Hawlucha up, and they engage in a duel.

The setting transforms into a fighting ring. Ash’s Hawlucha and Dark Hawlucha brawl, and the crowd goes wild at the passion and realism with which they are fighting.

Ash’s Hawlucha does a dive as its finisher, but Dark Hawlucha dodges the attack. They then both strike each other in mid-air, and Dark Hawlucha falls, with Ash’s Hawlucha being crowned as the winner. Ash’s Hawlucha shows great sportsmanship by helping Dark Hawlucha up, and the crowd goes wild.

The episode comes to a close with the tournament director and his crew packing up and moving on to the next show. The adventurers are shown waving goodbye, and their journey continues.


This episode touches on two key messages, the first being that you can’t tell what someone has gone through just by looking at them. In Dark Hawlucha’s example, most people wouldn’t imagine that someone who is a theater performer, putting on shows on a stage, is a regional champion fighter.

Just because you see someone doing something and acting in a particular way doesn’t mean that you auto­matically know their full story. Being closely involved with martial arts myself, both as a practitioner and coach, I know from experience that people who look frail and weak on the outside have put in years upon years of work to learn how to use their bodies to be deadly. You never know what’s going on with someone behind the scenes, and it’s usually in your best interest not to be ignorant.

The second is that acting is pretty difficult. A lot of people think they can go out and act and be great at it, but often times, it’s very easy to see that it’s not very genuine. There is a level of emotion and passion that comes out when something is happening for real, and it takes a lot of work and skill to be able to do that in an act.

During the Pokémon show, Ash’s Hawlucha got stage fright and ended up not being able to do his role. However, when they switched on to genuine fights (against Team Rocket, and against Dark Hawlucha), Ash’s Hawlucha began to shine. He was no longer acting, and instead, his true emotions were coming through in his performance.

When someone has a real interest in what they’re doing, it’s easy for spectators to see the real passion coming from the performer’s movements, and this is what made the show great and the crowd go wild.




PKMN #844: Pathways to Performance Partnering (Summary & Analysis)

Plot summary:

The episode opens with the adventurers eating. May has some dessert, but they realize that Chespin has taken all the food gulped it down. Pancham gets angry, and initiates a long fight with Chespin that neither Serena nor Clemont are able to subside.

During their fight, the two Pokémon encounter a trainer whose Pokémon they accidentally tackle. After Ash apologizes, they find out that this trainer is preparing for a Pokémon Showcase.

Serena agrees to watch the trainer and her Smoochum and Farfetch’d perform and give them feedback; after the demonstration, the trainer jots down comments in her notebook.

Next is Serena’s turn, but Pancham and Chespin still aren’t friendly, and Chespin interferes. To solve this, Clemont pulls out a new invention – a robot that will dance with Chespin. As expected, the invention explodes.

While Serena is showing off her performance, Team Rocket is nearby, watching through binoculars. Jesse wants to catch Smoochum so she can win the Pokémon Showcase herself.

Serena’s demonstration ends, and she receives some feedback. They then realize that Smoochum might have a crush on Pancham, and have them dance together. They synergize so well that Serena is offered a trade for Pancham, but Serena declines.

Out of nowhere, a disguised Team Rocket arrives and offers to help the adventurers choreograph a performance. After a bit of warming up, Jesse convinces the Pokémon to step into a balloon trap under the false pretense that they would be practicing dancing with efficient movements in a small space. Team Rocket then flies off in their hot air balloon, leaving a smokescreen bomb behind to cover their tracks.

However, due to Chespin and Pancham’s continued fighting inside the balloon trap, the motion breaks them loose from Team Rocket’s escape and sends them falling to the ground. Shortly after, Team Rocket finds the fallen Pokémon and attempt to recapture them. Due to Pancham and Chespin’s relentless fighting, all their allies get hurt from Team Rocket’s attacks.

Pancham and Chespin finally realize that they need to work together in order to fight against a common cause, and combine their efforts to throw attacks at Team Rocket’s Pokémon. They stall for long enough that the adventurers find their Pokémon. The heroes give the final commands to their Pokémon to finish off Team Rocket, sending them blasting off.

Unfortunately, now that the threat is gone and Team Rocket are no longer there, Pancham and Chespin begin arguing again.

As the episode comes to a close, the adventurers bid farewell to their new friend, wishing her the best of luck in her future Showcase.


Not everyone demonstrates friendship the same way, and the same action may seem dif­ferent from dif­fer­ent perspectives. As was apparent by Pancham and Chespin, from the outside looking in, Pancham and Chespin look like they’re always fighting, but from their own perspectives, they would still consider each other friends.

Pancham and Chespin are not brought together through conventional “friendship traits” – that is, they’re not friends because they’re nice to each other and have fun with each other. Instead, the core, binding principle between Pancham and Chespin seems to be passion.

Both Pokémon are passionate about being the best and competing with others to prove themselves more worthy. They are rivals, looking to the other to find ways that they can prove dominance to others. But, it is clear that they are rivals and not enemies, because, when they face a common threat (such as Team Rocket), they were able to bond together to win the battle.

The relationship between these two Pokémon touches on some characteristics that people should thrive to develop in their own friendships. Friendships formed through kindness are shallow – they are quick to form and quick to break. Friendships formed through passion may appear rough on the surface, but are more meaningful – not being afraid to call each other out on problems and giving each other fuel to succeed are a few things that will help make friendships deeper and more intricate.




Pokémon Ep. 843: Bonnie for the Defense (Summary & Analysis)

Plot summary:

The episode opens with Ash and Serena training their Pokémon, and Clemont working on some new in­ven­tions. With permission, Bonnie leaves to explore the forest, but quickly encounters three other children who are guarding it who won’t let her through.

Bonnie finds out that they are part of the Lapras Defense Force, and the chil­dren invite Bonnie and Dedenne to join them. After swimming into the water, Lapras comes out.

A flashback begins of the first time the children met Lapras, and how they helped Lapras’ hurt fin. To pro­tect Lapras, they formed the Defense Force. The children then explain that Lapras got hurt because of grown-up hunters.

Back at the Pokémon Center, the heroes realize that Bonnie is still missing, and hope that she is okay and staying out of the rain that just started. In the forest, Bonnie and her new friends are safe inside a cave and eat candy together with Lapras.

Ash, Serena, and Clemont leave to go search for Bonnie, and find her with an injured Lapras. Clemont de­cides to take Lapras to Nurse Joy, but the Lapras Defense Force tell him he can’t, because all grown-ups are supposedly liars. They reference a time in the past when their teacher claimed she wouldn’t do anything, then took away an Eevee that the kids were nursing back to health.

Eventually, the heroes convince the Lapras Defense Force that getting Nurse Joy would be the best option for Lapras. When Nurse Joy arrives, she gives Lapras some medicine and says that Lapras will be just fine. She also explains that the Eevee they were caring for has been returned back to its trainer.

Shortly after Nurse Joy’s departure, Lapras shows signs of distress again. Clemont figures that it’s because it misses its family, and wants to bring Lapras back to the ocean. The Lapras Defense Force is upset be­cause they don’t want Lapras to leave, but are eventually convinced that they need to do what’s best for Lapras.

As Lapras swims back to the ocean, they encounter a boulder blocking the way. The heroes send out their Pokémon to help remove the boulder from the path, and continue on their way.

Right before they see the opening to the ocean, Team Rocket appears to attempt to steal Lapras. Ash decides to dispatch the Lapras Defense Force to take Lapras safely back to the ocean while the heroes deal with Team Rocket.

However, Team Rocket appears to have predicted this to happen, as James is already standing and waiting by Lapras’ escape path. He attacks Lapras, sending it into confusion, then tries to grab on to it. The Lapras Defense Force reacts by jumping on Lapras and trying to snap it out of confusion. They succeed by feeding it some candy.

Team Rocket engages in an all-out brawl with Lapras, trying to weaken it again so it can capture it. Lapras fights back for a while, then gets the assistance of its family of two other Lapras, that have come in from the ocean. With two powerful Ice Beams, Team Rocket is frozen in place, and Ash finishes them off by making them blast off again.

The episode closes with Lapras and its family in the ocean. Lapras bids the Lapras Defense Force farewell, and the children hope that they see Lapras again someday.


This episode is a classic illustration of children not having the capacity to identify the depth of adult think­ing, and assuming that adults have poor intentions. They are unaware that adults tend to have the bigger picture in mind when taking actions, and the children generally only focus on what they can immediately see happening.

This story can serve as a lesson to adults as much as it can serve a lesson to children.

Sometimes, all that children need is a little bit of explanation. Children are often disregarded because they are assumed to be too young to understand what’s happening. However, with a little explanation (i.e., “I need to take Eevee away because it belongs to someone else”), it can be very easy to pacify children and teach them the right thing to do.




Pokémon Ep. 842: A Campus Reunion (Summary & Analysis)

Plot summary:

The episode opens with Clemont and his friends returning to his schooltown. While Pikachu and Dedenne are taking an electric shower in one of Clemont’s inventions, Clemont encounters one of his old friends. Characteristically, Bonnie tries to get her to be Clemont’s girlfriend.

She takes the heroes on a tour of the school and explains how it focuses on electric-type Pokémon. Clemont is remembered as a very notable graduate.

Clemont has a flashback of his times as a student and meeting Shinx, the motivation for making the Clemontic Shower. He explains how he received great recognition for his invention.

Meanwhile, Team Rocket is hiding in the bushes and wants to steal all the electrical energy for themselves. They attach a tool to an electrical supply and start their work. This causes a problem with the transmission cables and transformer, and prompts staff to check on the issue.

The heroes and the plant staff find Team Rocket stealing electricity, and chase after them. During the pursuit, they encounter a Luxio that lives inside the plant and has made it its home.

Luxio and Clemont make eye contact, and Clemont realizes that this Luxio is Shinx, after it evolved. However, it seems like Luxio does not recognize Clemont. During this confusion, Team Rocket appears to have gotten away. The heroes and the staff regroup to come up with a plan.

Later that day, Clemont goes back to his flashback and finishes his story. Apparently, he wanted to meet up with Shinx on the day of his graduation, but he was taken away by the mayor to attend a dinner before he had the chance. Clemont assumes that this caused Shinx to receive a false impression that it had been abandoned, even though Clemont wanted to be its lifelong partner.

Suddenly, the power goes out in the hotel, and the heroes run out to find out what’s wrong. As the heroes approach Team Rocket’s location, Luxio tries to stop them single-handedly, but fails. The heroes try to convince it to stop battling Team Rocket, but it refuses, because it wants to create a world where all Pokémon live happily – the goal Clemont had back when he was a student.

As Team Rocket throws the finishing move onto Luxio, Clemont jumps in the way, blocking Shadow Ball and absorbing the shock. Luxio begins to recall memories of the time it spent with Clemont, and starts licking Clemont’s face. With this restored bond and coordination, Clemont and Luxio battle together, defeating Team Rocket and sending them blasting off.

As time ticks deeper into the night, the energy gets restored to the town. Clemont finally makes his proposal to Luxio, and asks to meet him at the same place at the same time as originally planned if it accepts his offer.

The following day, Clemont and his friends wait for Luxio at the square, but Luxio doesn’t show up. Clemont decides he will give up because this is what he deserves, and starts to walk away, but right at that moment, Luxio pops out of the brush, agreeing to join Clemont on his journey. Clemont catches Luxio, making it the newest member of the team.


Clemont has always been on the slightly mysterious side, being noticeably older than everyone else and apparently brilliantly smart, but not much being revealed about his past. He also seems pretty secretive, as there was a long period of time early on in the season where he was even hiding the fact that he was a gym leader.

It’s always good to tease things about mysterious entities to keep the critical thinking going, and revealing that Clemont is a graduate of an electrical engineering school is a good way to do that. It sheds some light on how he’s able to come up with all these inventions.

It seems like the moral of this episode is that things aren’t always as they seem, especially in relationships with other people. There is usually a story behind why people act the way they do, and if the other side doesn’t know about this story, it’s very easy to enter a misunderstanding and jump to conclusions.

From Shinx’s point of view, Clemont abandoned it because he didn’t show up at their designated meeting place. It had no clue of Clemont’s true intentions (even bringing a cake along with him), and did not realize that it was an external factor that caused him to miss the meeting.

This episode demonstrates the importance of giving people a chance and listening to what they have to say, and encourages people not to hold grudges against others if they might not know the full story behind the other person’s actions.




Pokémon Ep. 841: Dreaming a Performer’s Dream (Summary & Analysis)

Plot summary:

The episode opens with the heroes meeting up with Shauna, who lets them know of an online celebrity coming to perform at a showcase.

At the showcase, Team Rocket hides in the stands in disguises, while a mysterious Pokémon is shown breaking in through the vents. On the stage, Aria puts on an act with Braixen using fire-type moves. After they’re done, the competition portion begins, but is promptly interrupted by a Pancham.

Outside the arena, Shauna departs to train, while Chespin tries to show off its skills but gets taunted by the Pancham. Chespin runs off to chase Pancham, but gets lost and split from the group. In the process of trying to find Chespin, the heroes split up, but get blindly assaulted by Pancham, who steals Ash’s hat and Clemont’s glasses.

Serena finds Pancham and its hoard of stolen objects. Pancham adds Ash’s hat and Clemont’s glasses to the pile, but Serena takes them back. Serena wants to have a talk with Pancham, but it runs off. Serena discovers that Pancham enjoys performing, and was collecting these items as props.

During midday, the heroes encounter Pancham in the middle of a field taking a nap. Serena explains Pan­cham’s situation to her friends, and she says she wants to capture Pancham. She declares that she wants to be a Pokémon performer like Aria, with Pancham as her partner.

Serena initiates a battle with Pancham, and sends out Fennekin to attack so she can capture Pancham. However, during Fennekin’s attack, Team Rocket appears and catches Fennekin in a net.

Jessie reveals her plans to become a Pokémon performer herself, and shows how delusional she is when it comes to her perception of her own beauty. They try to escape with Fennekin in their hot air balloon, but Ash and Pancham stop them.

Team Rocket try to fight back, but Pancham demonstrates how great of a fighter it is. The heroes and their Pokémon join in on the fight, free Fennekin, and send Team Rocket blasting off.

With Team Rocket’s interruption taken care of, Fennekin and Pancham resume their battle. After a series of attack exchanges, Pancham gets hit by a Hidden Power and shows weakness. After one more Flame­thrower and Hidden Power, Pancham is weakened enough to be captured by the PokéBall, and now be­longs to Serena.

As the episode comes to a close, all the heroes state their own personal goals, and show how proud they are of Serena after she sets a goal for herself to be a Pokémon performer.


I found it a little bit strange that Serena had to engage Pancham in a battle before being able to catch it. According to previous episodes, I was under the impression that the story writers wanted people to know that Pokémon are not all about fighting (as is apparent by all these fashion and performance com­pe­ti­tions).

There have been numerous times where Ash has captured a Pokémon without a battle because it voluntarily chooses to go along with him. However, seeing as Serena had to fight Pancham before capturing it, it implies that there is a minimal amount of battling no matter what type of Pokémon training you pursue, even if it’s only performance-based. I’m not sure if that’s the intended message they wanted to send, but it seems a little bit in conflict of the direction of previous episodes.

I also found it a bit funny that Jessie believes she is better than the region’s greatest performer, and I like how the annoying way in which she is so delusional adds to people’s hatred of her. The way she acts shows how ignorant she is of the nuances of performing, and how little she understands about the per­forming arts

The moral of this episode is that it’s important to set goals for yourself and pursue them in order to advance in life and become a better person. This is more important for older teenagers than it is for the young children audience at whom these cartoons are targeted. A lot of teenagers and young adults are drifting around with no purpose, and if they want to do something valuable with their life, it’s important for them to pick a direction for themselves and stick to it.




Pokémon Ep. 840: Clumsy Crier Quiets the Chaos (Summary & Analysis)

Plot summary:

The episode opens with Team Rocket trying to capture a Salamence with a device. Unfortunately for them, the device malfunctions and sends Salamence into a rage, blasting Meowth and Pumpkaboo away from Jessie and James. The infuriated Salamence then flies off.

Meanwhile, the heroes enter a Pokémon Center to find a clumsy, newly employed Wigglytuf that trips and falls over non-existent obstacles. While there, an ambulance arrives with Meowth and Pumpkaboo, with Jessie and James there disguised as ambulance drivers. While Nurse Joy is helping the Pokémon, more ambulances stream in.

One of the patient’s trainers state that a wild Salamence, that appeared to be in pain, caused the injuries to her Pokémon.

When night falls, Wigglytuff goes outside to sit and ponder her mistakes. Pikachu comes out to console her, and Ash follows to remind her that Nurse Joy cares a lot about her.

Inside the Pokémon Center, Bonnie finds a storybook about a heroic Wigglytuff who pacified a ton of angry Flygon and healed all the injured Pokémon back to health. Wigglytuff listens in and cries at Nurse Joy’s compassion. Characteristically, she trips and falls on her way to embrace Nurse Joy.

The next morning, Clemont introduces one of his new devices, a machine that cheers on the wearer. Of course, like all his inventions, the motivation device malfunctions and explodes.

In response to the explosion, Team Rocket, disguised as medics, sweep in and pick up Wigglytuff and Pikachu, claiming that they are injured. Once the Pokémon are locked in the fake ambulance, they reveal their identity and drive away.

During their escape, they encounter the raging Salamence blocking the road. After identifying the Sala­mence, they try to run away, but get chased down and thrown off course, dropping Wigglytuff and Pikachu in the process.

Ash and his friends chase after Team Rocket and recover Wigglytuff and Pikachu after they are thrown out of the fake ambulance. They also find Salamence, and Team Rocket admits what they did to him.

Nurse Joy and Wigglytuff face their fears and try to help Salamence. When Salamence tries to use Fire Blast on Nurse Joy, Wigglytuff stands in front of her and protects her from the attack.

Wigglytuff then tanks through a powerful dragon-type attack, taking no damage because she is a fairy-type Pokémon. After getting in range, Wigglytuff uses Heal Pulse to soothe Salamence enough for Ash to walk up and remove the debilitating device off Salamence’s body.

After his recovery, Salamence turns around to see Team Rocket, the people who tried to hurt him. Sala­mence attacks Team Rocket, sending them blasting off again.

Back in the Pokémon Center, Wigglytuff gets emotional after receiving praise for all she did when Sala­mence and the other Pokémon were in trouble. She manages to overcome her anxiety, and Nurse Joy hopes that Wigglytuff will be able to continue helping others in the future.


When I saw the first scene, I thought that the “villain” in this episode would be Salamence, instead of Team Rocket. It gets a little redundant and boring when it’s just Team Rocket being the bad guys over and over again. Although the Salamence aspect brought a little bit of diversity to it, the villains still ultimately ended up being Team Rocket, and I think a bit more could’ve been done in developing Salamence’s bad side before revealing that it was simply acting out of pain, and wasn’t in control.

The main message that this episode sends seems relevant to a lot of people, and I’m glad it was shared. A lot of children have hidden potential, but they’re unable to build upon it and express it due to ner­vous­ness, anxiety, and a lack of confidence. Wigglytuff shows that even those who are scared are still very important people, and can be heroes in the right situations.

I also like the introduction of the fairy type characteristic to this episode. Fairy type is new as of this gen­eration, and showing that Wigglytuff is able to walk through a powerful dragon-type attack is a good way to demonstrate the Pokémon-world applicability of these traits.